Seat (whitewater canoes may have a foam 'saddle' in place of a seat)
Thwart - a horizontal crossbeam near the top of the hull
Gunwale (pronounced gunnel) - the top edge of the hull.
Usually there is an inner and an outer gunwale running parallel along
both edges of the canoe.
Deck: The top "V" shaped pieces at each end of the canoe (under
which a flotation compartment or foam block may be located which prevent
the canoe from sinking if capsized or swamped)
Yoke - a thwart across the center of the boat to allow one person to
carry the canoe, and is sometimes molded to the shape of the shoulders.
Keel - runs along the bottom of the canoe's hull, from the bow to
the stern, serving as the foundation or spine of its structure and,
depending on its depth, provides some directional control and stability.
Flotation bags - inflatable air bags to prevent swamping the canoe
Spraydeck - cover to prevent water entering the canoe.
A spraydeck (or spraycover or sprayskirt)
is a flexible cover for a boat, in particular for a kayak or a canoe.
The portion of the hull between the waterline and the top of the
gunwale is called freeboard.